First and foremost,excessive build up of fat in the liver can lead to non alcoholic fatty liver disease abbreviated as NAFLD. Usually this is common in obese people, for their deposition of fat in the body is naturally higher than the underweight or normal weight individuals. A person with a healthy liver has very less to absolutely no deposition of fat. If fat starts to build up, and it is not checked in the early stages, it can lead to serious disease formations like cirrhosis of liver.
Also diabetes, strokes or heart attacks can overtake you, if you have a high fat content in your liver. Detection at an early stage of this disease is very essential. Because preventive measures can be taken only then,to lessen the amount of fat already deposited and also to prevent further fat accumulation. Let us look at the different stages of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.The first stage usually develops without notion, but if it is let to progress, it can bring serious consequences.
- The first stage is known as the simple fatty liver disease, or steatosis. Here the accretion of fat is mostly at a harmless level and is only detected when other tests of liver are carried out for a specific purpose. Needless to say a great number of people progress to the next higher stages, without knowing. At this level the patient is mostly without any expressive symptoms, and hence without any serious complications.
- The next stage is of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis or NASH. Complications arise when the patient reaches the second stage as this is considered as and even more serious stage of NAFLD. The patient is diagnosed in this stage of the disease means his liver is already inflamed. This condition can be chronic in some individuals and treatments can only improve the state but not provide an absolute cure.
- In liver fibrosis or the third stage of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, consistent inflammation has led the liver develop a tissue full of scars around it. Also the blood vessels surrounding the liver is marked by similar stars. Surprisingly enough the liverstill functions normally even at this stage.
- The last stage is usually attributed as cirrhosis of liver. This is the most dreadful condition of the former,and it might take years or even lifelong to show overt symptoms. There is a considerable reduction in the size of the liver in cirrhosis. Also it becomes entirely scarred and lumpy. Contact the best liver transplant specialist in India to opt for the best treatment and efficient surgery. If the cirrhosis is left to advance, it can cause permanent liver failure or even liver cancer.
Preventive measures consist of significant lifestyle and food habit changes. Usually people who are overweight, those who are suffering from chronic hypertension, smoke intensively, has type 2 diabetes, or high cholesterol are at an increased risk of developing NAFLD. Also people who have crossed 50 years of age, can develop the disease gradually. This disease is surprisingly found to develop even in younger children and individuals who are without any risk factor.